Australian Footbal League
Rugby Union famous Australians
Surf Life Saving
Rugby League Australian strine
Surf Life Saving
Australian Footbal League
Canberra is the foggiest capital.
Coldest Ovenight Temperature - city and region
The town with the lowest night temperature is Canberra, with Charlotte Pass having the lowest recorded temperature.
Tully in Queensland has the highest rainfall in a year at 4400mm.
Lowest Rainfall and Lowest Point
Lake Eyre SA has lowest rainfall and is the lowest region.
Trams - largest, last
The largest tram network runs in Melbourne and it is also the world's last publicly operated tram system.
Over a lifetime an Australia eats ten tonnes of vegetables.
Australians eat half a tonne of cheese in a lifetime.
Eight tonnes of fruit is eaten over a lifetime by the average Australian.
Longest and Largest Reef
The Barrier Reef is the longest and largest reef in the world.
Australia is the world's largest exporter of Aluminium (bauxite), Black Coal, Diamonds (gem plus industrial) , Lead, Mineral Sands, Refined Zinc, Sheep and Wool.
Second Lowest Population Density
The Population is 6.4 people per square mile, second after Mogolia 4.3.
Of all continents, Australia is the smallest.
The Australian mainland is technically the largest island.
Australia is the driest inhabited country.
Sixth Largest Nation
Australia is the 6th largest country after Russia, Canada, China, the
United States and Brazil,
Though mining is an important export industry, more Australian land is used for
pubs than mining.
Australians gamble more per head than anywhere else, having a fifth of the
world's poker machines.
This country is the most urbanized on Earth with 70 percent of the
population living in coastal cities.
Australians eat 18 cows and 90 sheep during their lives.
During a lifetime an Australian will eat 165,000 eggs.
Australian Men live to 75 years on average, women 84 years.
Melbourne stonemasons gained the first 8 hour day in 1856.
The world's longest fence built to stop dingoes is twice as long as the Great Wall of China.
The longest river in Australia is the Murray River 2520kms long.
Lake St Clair is the deepest in Australia.
Australia's largest natural body of water is Lake Eyre, 9500 square kms.
Cloncurry in Queensland recorded the hottest temperature in Australia, 53 degrees Centigrade.
The highest peak on the Australian mainland is Mount Kosciusko NSW, 2230 m.
Largest Island in Australia
Tasmania is the largest island in Australia.
Coolgardie safe kerosene refrigerator stobie pole buffalo fly trap dual flush toilet electric shearing machine meat pie chiko roll pavlova lamington staysharp knife vegemite life saving reel super sopper.
Australia's Cultural Development
ART/CULTURAL EVENTS, ACTIVITIES, VENUES & RESOURCES
STATE ART GALLERIES
|NEW SOUTH WALES
Art Gallery of NSW, Sydney
Ian Potter Ctr National Gallery of Vic.
QUT Art Museum Brisbane
Migration Museum Adelaide
|TASMANIA australian culture.
Tas Museum & Art Gallery Hobart
|WESTERN AUSTRALIA culture.
Berndt Museum of Anthropology Perth
|NORTHERN TERRITORY australian culture.
Museum & Art Gallery of the N T Darwin
National Gallery of Australia Canberra
MULTICULTURAL EVENTS & GROUPS
Calendar of ethnic and multi-cultural events in New South Wales. culture.
Multicultural performers provide enjoyable entertainment.
The Multicultural Council of Tasmania is non-government. culture.
This state celebrates racial, cultural and religious diversity. Australian culture.
It is important for new Australians to set up groups related to countries of origin. Australian culture.
|Northern Territory Australian strine.
People from all over the world bring their culture with them.
A state action plan to incorporate diversity among ethnic groups. culture.
National Multicultural Festival is an annual event in Canberra.
AUSTRALIAN RECORDS AND FACTS
AUSTRALIAN STYLE INVENTIONS
Megafauna. Aboriginals came to Australia about 50 thousand years ago. Anthropologists call Aboriginals gracile. Megafauna like large wombats, rhino, flightless birds, lizards and meat eating kangaroos lived alongside Aboriginals before becoming extint 20-30 thousand years ago. A theory holds that Aboriginals killed off megafauna because megafauna and human bones were found together. Tasmanian Aboriginals had a different origin than mainland Aboriginals. They could not start fire but fought over access to it. Aboriginals 40,000 years ago lived alongside Marree Man, a man-like bearded creature that walked upight.
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Australians love prawns, an ideal seafood. What people in other countries call a shrimp is a prawn in this country. Another issue is a lobster. To Australians this delicacy is a crayfish. A young girl in Australia is called a "Sheila". But dancing with a young girl is not Waltzing Matilda: during the Depression a "Swagman" would carry his belongings in a bag called "Matilda", over his shoulder, on a stick, as he made his way across the land seeking employment. This was called "Waltzing Matilda". It is the essence of Australian Culture.
Though Australia is a Western coontry, things are different than in New York or London. Barbecues and going to the beach are important aspects of life. Australians pride themselves on having an equitable society, where everyone "gets a fair go". The majority of Australians live in cities along the coast, but cultural values originating in the outback are important to them. They look with affection to life as it was two hundred years ago when life was hard and a person's character was judged by his actions. Aboriginal culture is important to Australians. The original Australians have been on this continent for 50,000 years. Their laid-back attitude to life has infused present day Australian culture. Possibly the "she'll be right mate" attitude of Australians came from them.
This country prides itself on having a multicultural society where people from many countries can express their culture while adopting more widely held values. Consequently. many lifestyles and cuisines can be enjoyed. A quarter of Australians were born overseas. Post War immigrants came from Europe. Today, most immigrants come from China, the Middle East and to a lesser extent Africa. ]ust over 2 per cent of the population is Aboriginal.
After Captain Cook "discovered" Australia it became a colony of Britain. People from the United Kingdom were brought here to settle. Very soon, however, Australia became a destination for convicts, i.e., petty criminals from the UK. By the late 19th century more than half the population were convicts or freed convicts. One in five Australians living today has a convict ancestor. Rum was used as currency in the early days. People did drink rum though rather than tea. The flrst police force formed was made up of ex·convlcts. Gold was found all across Australla. Migrants came from European countries, other British colonies and the US to dig the gold. There was a large influx of Chinese who returned home en mass when the easy gold became scarce.
Calling someone a bloody idiot is not an insult for an Australian. It is a fom of encouragement and shows a friendly feeling toward another. It is a norm of Australian culture. Egalitarianism is the prime cultural directive. Everyone must have a fair go whether they be wealthy or poor, old or young, uneducated or wise. In fact, a person who shows off his wealth is not respected. The tall poppy syndrome predominates - if they stand out above everyone else cut them down to size. Such is Australian culture. To people from other countries Australians can seem to be uncouth and unsophisticated. Being blunt and to the point is the way they live. Why hide things away? lf you see something tell it how it is. "Kowtowing" to others is not a thing Australians do. They do not like class systems like in British culture for example. Don't get me wrong here. They love the British, not British society, however. A visitor with a title will probably be called "mate", just like everyone else. Going to a "posh" school is meaningless to an Australian.
If you are in a pub you will be expected to buy a round, of beer. You will be told it is your "shout". Woe betide the man who tries to avoid paying for beer when it is his turn. When Australians go out to dinner everyone pays for his or her part of the bill. This happens even though some have more money in their pockets than others.
When Australians marry they still keep contact with their single group. Thus mateship continues throughout Australian cultural life. Australians rely on mates in times of need. Times were hard when Europeans first arrived and you needed close bonding in order to survive. Australians don't like racist jokes. They think someone who tells such jokes is "taking the piss". Jokes about the "Poms", the English, are allowed, however, because they are better than everyone else, aren't they? Besides Poms always have a smart reply. Australians will tell an "ethnic" joke directly to a visitor, whether the foreigner understands it or not. if you travel to Australia on vacation don't bother to tip. Even taxi drivers will rumble around to fnd 5 cents in change. And don't sit in the back of the car. Australian culture dictates that you sit in the passenger seat next to the taxi driver for a chat. When invited to a barbecue don't go empty handed. You are expected to bring alcoholic drink even if you drink someone else's. Furthemiore, men don't cry. At least Australian men don't. Life is hard but "she'll be right" in the long run. Oh, and don't think Australians will fight your fight. You solve your own problems here - ain't that right mate?
Phar Lap was a magnificent race horse, very plain to look at, but put him on a track and you could really bet your shirt on him. He won a record number of races from his starts. Despite being penalized by having to carry weight unheard of at the time he continued to win.
Ned Kelly the bushranger of Irish Descent has been made into a hero. Like Billy the Kid of America his real life consisted of stealing from others and making a nuisance of himself. At the age of 14 he announced he would be a bushranger. After killing three policemen he was hunted duwn and eventually hanged.
Don Bradman This cricketer had a batting average of 99 runs per innings, a feat which has never been beaten. And because the new format of Twenty20 cricket is making test cricket less important, this record will probably never be surpassed.
Evonne Fay Goolgong Cawley is a famous Aboriginal Australian tennis player. She came from the Wiradjuri tribe so her lineage is soundIy AboriginaI. Her career as a tennis player was very successful. After leaving her hometown of Barellan in NSW she lived in Sydney and was coached by Vic Edwards. Winning the Australian Open three times and WimbIedon, she moved to live in the US, but later returned to Australia.
Charles Edward Kinsford-Smith flew aircraft to areas of the world where they were never flown before. He successfuIIy fought as an aviator in WWI being awarded the Military Cross. After trying to establish air transport businesses he and Charles Ulm flew demonstration flights, flying around Australia in 10 days. Gaining finance Kingsford Smith made a flight from California, via Hawaii, to Brisbane in less than 24 hours. Then with Ulm he flew to New Zealand showing that there was potential for regular services. The pilot began his Sydney to Melbourne service in 1930. After an arduous career trying to set up a trans-Tasman airmail service he was killed during an attempt at a record flight from England to Australia.
Dawn Fraser is a successful Australian swimmer. She won gold in the 100 meters freestyle at the Melbourne Olympics in 1956, then two more gold medals at the 1953 Cardiff Commonwealth Games. At the 1960 Rome Olympics she took the 100 meters gold medal again. She won her last gold medal in this event at the Tokyo Olympics in 1964.
Mathew Flinders was a gifted navigator and cartographer. In his brief career he journeyed with Captain Blythe He made two expeditions by small boat to Botany Bay and Lake Illawarra. As captain of the "NorfoIk" he "discovered" and named Bass Strait. While surveying the Australian coast he met and discussed discoveries with the French explorer Nicolas Baudin. He soon circumnavigated the continent. Flinders was one of the first to use the name Australia for this country.
Andrew Barton (Banjo Paterson) was a great Australian poet. He worked as a solicitor, journalist and war correspondent. He was fascinated by horsemen, so much so, that he began writing equestrian ballads. He published 'Clancy of the Overfow*, The Geebung Polo Club', The Man from lronbark', How the Favourite Beat Us', Saftbush Bill', and'The Man From Snowy River'.
Nancy Bird at a young age yearned for the skies. By sitting on cushions to reach the controls she got her piIot's license. Her family purchased a plane for her. She set up the NSW air ambulance service and was soon barnstorming around the country, winning the `Iadies' trophy in the Great Adelaide to Brisbane air race. A Living National Treasure she lived to 93 years of age.
Captain James Cook was one of the greatest explorers of the 13th century. Well known for his journeys to the Pacific Ocean he was born in England in 1728. He joined the navy in 1755 and within five years was a ship's master. Rising to be lieutenant in the Royal navy he was given the task of exploring the southern land while pretending to be travelling to Tahiti. He claimed Australia for Britain in 1770.
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